پشت پرده انجمن خیریه حجتیه مهدویه

گزیده نوشته هایی درباره حجتیه

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

چهارشنبه 15 اردیبهشت‌ماه سال 1389 ساعت 03:54 ب.ظ


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

Hojjatieh (in Persian: انجمن حجتیه ) — also called Hojjatieh Society — is a semi-clandestine traditionalist Shia organization founded in Iran in 1953 (in Tehran) by Shaikh Mahmoud Halabi (a Tehrani mullah from Mashhad; 1900-1998) with permission of Ayatollah Seyyed Hossein Borujerdi.[1] The organization was founded on the premise that the most immediate threat to Islam was the Bahá'í religion, which they viewed as a heresy that must be eliminated.[2] The group also opposes both Sunniism and the Khomeinist concept of Velayat-e Faqih. An earlier organization was founded by Halabi, the Anjoman-e Imám-e Zaman (called Anjoman-e Zedd-e Bahá'í privately) which later was re-named to the Anjoman-e Hojjatieh Mahdavieh (called Hojjatieh for short) after the Iranian Revolution.[1] In March to June 1955, the Ramadan period that year, a widespread systematic program was under taken cooperatively by the government and the clergy. During the period they destroyed the national Bahá'í Center in Tehran, confiscated properties and made it illegal for a time to be Bahá'í (punishable by 2 to 10 year prison term.)[3] Founder of SAVAK, Teymur Bakhtiar, took a pick-ax to a Bahá'í building himself at the time.[4]

Halabi is said to have worked with SAVAK security agency under Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, offering his full cooperation in fighting "other heathen forces, including the Communists." By doing so he was given freedom to recruit members and raise funds, and by 1977 Hojjatieh is said to have had 12,000 members. However, since the Shah's regime, in Halabi's view, allowed the Baha'is too much freedom, he then supported Khomeini's movement to overthrow the Shah.[5]

The group flourished during the 1979 revolution that ousted the Shah and installed an Islamic government in his place. However it was forced to dissolve after Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini speech on 12 August 1983. However there have been mentions of it again circa 2002-2004.[4]



[edit] Doctrine

The Hojjatieh society has been described as "an underground messianic sect ... which hopes to quicken the coming of the apocalypse"[6] in order to hasten the return of the Mahdi, the prophesied future redeemer of Islam. However, according to legal scholar Noah Feldman, the idea that supporters "want to bring back the imam by violence, rather than ... wait piously and prepare for the imam’s eventual return on his own schedule," is a misinterpretation of the society's position common "outside Iran". In fact, the "Hojjatiya Society was banned and persecuted by Khomeini’s government in part for its quiescent view that the mahdi’s arrival could not be hastened." [7] Those who adhere to this perspective claim Hojjatieh is a millenarian group who put great stock on the return of the Mahdi and the idea of such a return bringing happiness to true believers.[citation needed]

[edit] Methods

Though initially claimed to be using "peaceful methods" allowing harassment but not direct insult or violence, a circle of spies infiltrated Bahá'í communities seeking out Iranians who were interested in the religion and "reconvert" them back to Islam as well as confronting muballighs or Bahá'í missionaries.[1] According to one first hand testimony, suspicions were spread and reputations compromised leading Bahá'ís to treat inquirers badly who would then be recruited to the anti-Bahá'í movement.[1] Students of the organization engaged in practice debates on various topics.[1] See Allegations of Bahá'í involvement with other powers.

[edit] Rumored members

Ayatollah Mesbah Yazdi is reported to be the highest ranking member of the Hojjatieh. He denies this and has said that if anyone finds a connection between him and Hojjatieh, he will denounce everything he stands for.[8]

The current president of Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad is also rumored to be an advocate of Hojjatieh through the influence of Ayatollah Yazdi, who was his mentor. Asia Times reports that Ahmad Tavassoli, a former chief of staff of Khomeini, claimed in 2005 that "the executive branch of the Iranian government as well as the crack troops of the Revolutionary Guards have been hijacked by the Hojjatieh, which, he implied, now also controls Ahmadinejad." According to the report, Hojjatieh were endangering Iran by working for Shia supremacy, [9] Feldman writing in 2006 in the New York Times suggests this rumor was spread by Ahmadinejad's enemies.[7] It is also reported that Esfandiar Rahim Mashaei, who was to have been Ahmedinejad's First Vice President, may be a Hojjatieh member, but the source of this information is unclear.[10]

[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ a b c d e Fischer, Michael; Abedi, Mehdi (1990). Debating Muslims. Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press. pp. 48–54, 222–250. ISBN 0299124347. http://books.google.com/books?id=J5RGlpx0j8sC&pg=PA48. 
  2. ^ Taheri, Amir, The Spirit of Allah, (1985), p.189-90
  3. ^ Akhavi, Shahrough (1980). Religion and politics in contemporary Iran: clergy-state relations in the Pahlavī period. SUNY Press. pp. 76–79. ISBN 9780873954082. http://books.google.com/books?id=M667jZhe2AMC&lpg=PA77&pg=PA77#v=onepage&q=&f=false. 
  4. ^ a b Samii, Bill (13 September 2004). "Iran Report: September 13, 2004". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty , Inc.). http://www.rferl.org/content/article/1342699.html. Retrieved 2009-12-11. 
  5. ^ Taheri, The Spirit of Allah, (1985), p.189-90
  6. ^ Letter From Tehran: Iran's New Hard-Liners, Who Is in Control of the Islamic Republic? Jerry Guo, September 30, 2009. accessed 7-October-2009
  7. ^ a b Islam, Terror and the Second Nuclear Age By NOAH FELDMAN. October 29, 2006 New York Times
  8. ^ : SharifNews.ir:: آیت‌الله مصباح: احمدی‌نژاد اشتباه کرده است
  9. ^ Shi'ite supremacists emerge from Iran's shadows, Sep 9, 2005 Asia Times
  10. ^ "Iranian president fires two top officials; 2 more protesters reportedly killed". Los Angeles Times. 2009-07-26. http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-iran27-2009jul27,0,6911282.story. Retrieved 2009-07-26. 

[edit] External links